CTL KENYA

How to Analyze a County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP)

How to Analyze a County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP)
23 May

The County Integrated Development Plan – CIDP is a 5-year plan developed by County governments to guide county investments. According to the law, public funds should not be apportioned contrary to the planning frameworks that exist in the county. The CIDP informs the preparation of the annual development plan, the county fiscal strategy paper, and ultimately, the annual budget estimates. 

As a citizen, you need to be able to read and analyze the CIDP so that you can participate meaningfully during its preparation, validation and approval stages. Here are 9 things you need to pay attention to when analysing your county’s CIDP:  

  1. Review of Previous CIDP and Implications of the Current One

Challenges and successes that experienced with the previous CIDP need to be highlighted in the new CIDP. This will help ensure improvements in county performance with every CIDP that is prepared. Citizens should check whether targets set for the past five years were achieved. If not, the new CIDP should provide reasons why they were not attained. Ongoing projects from the previous CIDP should also be included. Projects that had been proposed but were not implemented need to be includes as well and reasons for their non-implementation given. The new CIDP should indicate the challenges experienced by the county in implementing the previous CIDP  and indicate how those challenges will be tackled. The CIDP should highlight achievements made during the past 5 years and explain how the county will continue to build up on those achievements over the next 5 years.

2. A Clear, Realistic Development Strategy

A development strategy for the next 5 years should be provided in the form of a clear theory of change. Prioritized sectors ought to be outlined in the CIDP with indications of how the scarce resources available will be utilized to deliver on those priorities. Most importantly, the CIDP should indicate how the prioritized sectors will propel development in the county. A strategy with priorities for every sector and how they interplay in achieving development should also be  included.

3. Programmes and Projects to be Implemented

Programmes are long-term objectives to be achieved through county spending. County annual budgets are programme based and are informed by County plans. Therefore, your county’s CIDP should provide programme level details to enable expenditure tracking of estimates contained in the annual budget. Information on flagship or transformative projects that have been proposed to support the development agenda being advanced by the county should be provided. Details on the estimated operational costs, status, source of funding and the phasing of projects across the five years should also be captured.

4. Areas of Collaboration with other Stakeholders

The CIDP should provide for ways of collaborating with the National Government where the county needs to deliver on functions that are constitutionally mandated to the national government. This means that the development agenda of a county should be aligned to national government plans. Linkage with other counties in the region should also be mentioned since some of challenges faced by the county can be resolved among neighbours. A scope of what can be implemented by various partners such as non-state actors should also feature in the CIDP.

5. Clear and Realistic Revenue Mobilization Strategy

Your county’s CIDP should have a clear strategy of mobilizing revenue, including existing sources and realistic projections of how much can be raised. New revenue sources that the county hopes to explore should also be outlined in the plan. Information on returns from county investments and borrowed funds should need to be provided bearing in mind that borrowing has to be guaranteed by the national government and approved by county assemblies and parliament. Where a county hopes to mobilize revenue through debt to fund development, there should be a debt management strategy in the CIDP.

6. Deliberate Steps for Equitable Resource Distribution

There should be clear information on the least developed areas within the county and deliberate measures of reducing inequalities provided. Programmes and projects to be implemented in order to develop those areas should be included. For recurrent and capital expenditure, a plan on equitable distribution of resources should be availed. Also, there should be a provision to ensure services provided in the most developed regions of the county are sustained.

7. Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation Framework

Being a 5 year plan, the CIDP should have a framework for implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Timeframes, baselines,  targets, indicators that are clear for different programmes and major projects should be included in the framework. Those responsible for implementing projects and programmes including government departments, development partners and other institutions should be defined in the CIDP.

8. Public Justification for Advanced Projects

Justifications for decisions made in during the CIDP development process should be adequate and based on accessible, accurate and verifiable data. This information should be included in the CIPD as annexes or included in the CIDP within main text or in a publicly available separate documents. Data on the prioritization process and follow up of the strategy is crucial.

9. Evidence of Meaningful Public Participation

A report on citizen’s input during preparation of the CIDP and how the government used that input during development of the plan should be provided. If any input citizen inputs were rejected, a clear reason for the rejection should be given.

Muguga Food Security Self Help Group Gets Funding

Muguga Food Security Self Help Group Gets Funding
23 May

Muguga Food Security Self Help Group (SHG)  in Nakuru Town East Sub-County has received Kshs. 400,000 from the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme (SDCP) to finance their animal feed business. The SDCP is a facility that is jointly supported by the Government of Kenya through the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). 

Members of the group applied for the funds back in November 2017 following a series of activities that included requesting for training from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries on how to prepare a proposal and formal submission of a funding proposal. After completing the training, the group whose membership is largely comprised of dairy farmers identified the preparation and sale of animal feeds as the business they wanted to venture in. They prepared a request for funding proposals for Kshs. 400,000 for the business idea and submitted it to the Smallholder Dairy Commercialization Programme for consideration. 

Though the funding proposal took time to process, officials of the group received communication that their proposal had been qualified for funding in September 2018. Officials from IFAD and Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries visited the group on 20th September 2018 and advised them on how to maximize the funding once it got transferred. 

To complement their animal feeds business, officials of Muguga Food Security Self Help Group officials visited Egerton University and requested the institution to train members of the group on yoghurt production. On 25th September 2018, representatives from Egerton University’s yoghurt plant visited the group and trained its members on the basics of yoghurt production. During the training, members of the group were taken through practical lessons on how to prepare yoghurt. 

On the 28th of September 2018, officials of the SDCP facility held a meeting with members of Muguga Food Security SHG and presented them with a cheque of Kshs. 400,000. Using these funds, the group plans to purchase equipment including a mixer, a miller, and a dryer for the feed processing unit that they are currently setting up. Through this project, members Muguga Food Security SHG will be producing and supplying animal feeds to dairy farmers in Nakuru Town East Sub-County and beyond with a view of providing a sustainable source of income for the group and increasing milk production for dairy farmers in the sub-county. 
Members Muguga Food Security SHG took this action after learning about the social-economic rights in the constitution and realizing that there are ongoing government programs aimed at h increasing income for rural households whose livelihoods depend substantially on production and trading of dairy and dairy-related products. Members of this group learnt this during sustained civic education sessions delivered by one of CTL’s civic educators.

How Social Audit is Improving the Quality of Vocational Training Services in Nakuru County

How Social Audit is Improving the Quality of Vocational Training Services in Nakuru County
23 May

Though in the 2013-17 CIDP the county government had committed to set up a vocational training facility in every sub-county in Nakuru county, existing facilities were in poor condition. For a long time, these facilities experienced challenges that have hampered the delivery of vocational training to youth in Nakuru County. These challenges include inadequate staffing, equipment, and spacing. During focus group discussions, students and community members raised concerns over students in polytechnics being required to wear uniforms that they said resembled that of high school students.  

As a result, the quality of training in the facilities within has been poor and most youths have lost interest in enrolling for vocational courses. For many youths, vocational facilities are synonymous with failure. Those who opt to acquire vocational skills prefer to do so through apprenticeships as opposed to enrolment in polytechnics. Due to this perception, low enrolment characterizes many vocational training facilities. 

Social Audit Process

With funding from URAIA Trust, CTL supported citizens in three sub-counties to monitor the delivery of vocational training services using social audits in 4 facilities namely Nakuru Polytechnic in Nakuru Town East, Njoro Polytechnic in Njoro Sub-county, Rongai Polytechnic and Kware Kapkwen polytechnic in Rongai Sub-county. A team of 17 social auditors was supported to gather information relating to infrastructure, equipping, and staffing of the polytechnics. With CTL’s support, the social auditors subjected information gathered to validation by citizens, management of the audited facilities, and selected government representatives in the respective sub-counties. 

The social audit exercise revealed that vocational training facilities were grappling with inadequate infrastructure, poor condition of existing facilities, inadequate and demotivated staff, inadequate, non-functional, and in some instances, obsolete equipment.  The findings of the social audit process were shared with duty bearers in the education sector during a public engagement forum held on 11th November 2017 The engagement forum was attended by representatives from the Directorate of vocational training, county youth office, principals and board members from social audited facilities, and citizens.  

Improvements 

As a result of the social accountability work undertaken in polytechnics, several improvements have been made. In Nakuru Polytechnic, construction of a storey building that had stalled for over two months resumed. The new building was meant to house additional classrooms and workshops. The management of the facility adopted a new uniform design and had new uniforms that students are now proud of making. 

At the time of the social audit, boarding students were using a makeshift bathroom whose condition was poor, having no doors and roof. The computer lab had not been set up and there were 12 old non-functional computers stacked together on a table in the middle of the room. In the fashion and design department, only 5 sewing machines out of the 25 available were working. This forced students to take turns in using sewing machines during practicals and examinations. 

Though the facility is yet to construct new bathrooms after the social audit exercise, the makeshift ones have been improved and have new doors and roof installed. The institution has since set up work stations in the computer lab and the old computers with 11 new ones. Further, the management in the facility has services all the 25 sewing machines in the fashion and design department and students no longer have to queue waiting to access machines in turns. 

Mr. Solomon Muli the principal in Nakuru Polytechnic says, “The positive changes taking place in this polytechnic have made it more appealing to the youth. We have had more students enrolling and we are pleased that youth who dropped out of school for various reasons will make something out of themselves”

In Kware Kapkwen, students who had enrolled for welding courses could not take practical lessons because the two-phase electricity grid connection in the facility could not support the welding machine that had been designed to use a triple-phase power connection. After the social audit, the institution had the welding machine adjusted to use a two-phase connection, enabling students to take practical lessons. The facility has also acquired 15 additional computers for use by students in the computer lab. 

According to Vincent Tanui, a student in Kware Kapkwen, these improvements have enhanced the quality of training services students receive in the polytechnic.  

“The skills we are getting in our school have improved. I was able to use a welding machine in December 2017 since I joined the welding class in August 2017. For a course like mine, practicals are important because they allow us to get a feel of the equipment and know-how to control it. I am starting to feel more confident and I will be able to start my own business after I complete this course,” he says.

One of the greatest lessons we have learned through the social audit process is the importance of liaising with county officials and administrators in target facilities. This enhances ownership of the findings, gives credibility to the process, making it easy for them to give their input without fear that such information could be used against them.